Jan 13 2012

File Hashing Is Built Into Windows

I always used to download the md5sum.exe and sha1sum.exe files when I needed to generate a file’s hash in Windows.  I just discovered that certutil.exe, included with Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2, will do this for you (I’m not sure if it was included in earlier versions of Windows).  Just use the following commands to generate the appropriate hash:

  • MD5:  certutil -hashfile C:\Windows\notepad.exe MD5
  • SHA1:  certutil -hashfile C:\Windows\notepad.exe SHA1
  • SHA256: certutil -hashfile C:\Windows\notepad.exe SHA256
  • SHA512: certutil -hashfile C:\Windows\notepad.exe SHA512

Note that it defaults to SHA1 if you do not specify a hashing algorithm.

Dec 05 2011

Making Image Backgrounds Transparent with Paint.Net

I found this solution on the getpaint.net web site:

  • I use the Bucket (fill) with a full transparent color.
    • Set the foreground to white and fully transparent, i.e. RGB all = 255, Transparency – Alpha = 0
    • Set the background to white and not transparent, i.e. RGB all = 255, Transparency – Alpha = 255
  • You have to change the tool parameters from “Normal blend” to “Overwrite” in advance, or you won’t see any effect.
    • Tool = Bucket Fill
    • Flood Mode = Contiguous
    • Fill = Solid Color
    • Tolerance = 17%
    • Antialiasing = Enabled
    • Overwrite
  • You can access the parameters after choosing the bucket. Press the little chemical bottle icon, in the right to the fill tolerance slider.

Nov 26 2011

Visual Studio 2010 / SP1 / Windows SDK Install Order

When you plan to install the Windows 7/2008 R2 SDK, the SDK needs to be installed before VS2010 SP1.  Here is the recommended install order:

1. Visual Studio 2010
2. Windows SDK 7.1
3. Visual Studio 2010 SP1
4. Visual C++ 2010 SP1 Compiler Update for the Windows SDK 7.1

Here is the link to the blog post about this: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/vcblog/archive/2011/03/31/10148110.aspx

Nov 21 2011

Unit Testing Private Static Methods in C#

I had never needed to unit test a private static class method in C# before, but it turns out that Microsoft created a special object type to handle just such a case.

To test the private static method DetermineFilename (that takes filePath as a string parameter and returns a string) in the FileManager class, do the following:

PrivateType privateFileManagerObject = new PrivateType(typeof(FileManager));
string filename = (string)privateFileManagerObject.InvokeStatic("DetermineFilename", filePath);

Thanks to Venkat for posting this solution on his web site here:
http://venkatcsharpinterview.blogspot.com/2011/07/unit-testing-private-static-method-in-c.html

Nov 17 2011

Get SQL Server Version/Edition Information

Just connect to the database in which you are interested, open a new query window, and enter the following query:

SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('ProductVersion') as 'Product Version',
SERVERPROPERTY('ProductLevel') as 'Product Level',
SERVERPROPERTY('Edition') as 'Edition'

For me, this produced the following:

Product Version  Product Level  Edition
10.50.1600.1     RTM            Enterprise Edition (64-bit)

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